Name days in November, All Saints Day, All Souls Day

Winter started earlier with St Maarten. Fires were fired to clean the field of evil spirits for the next, spring-rich spring. Up to Epiphany (January 6) those fires were kept burning. Torch parades were held to help the sun shine. The current children's parades have emerged from this. Children walk with torches and pick up sweets and play on a foekepot or a mess, while they sing Sint-Maartens songs.

All Saints Day, November 1

Because under the reign of Emperor Diocletian so many saints died of martyrdom that there were not enough days for name days, all saints who died of martyrdom were commemorated on one and the same day: November 1. Later on there were also saints who were declared saints for their merits. The Roman Catholic Church wanted to remind believers of their mortality. All Saints' fires were fired in some places. All Saints' Day is the end of the summer. When the sun shines, it becomes one Old West summer mentioned.

All Souls, November 2

On Allerzielen the Roman Catholic church commemorates the deceased. The souls of the deceased were still in purgatory and through the many prayers they can get to heaven. Relatives lay flowers on the grave of their deceased on this day.
Our ancestors, the Germans, honored their deceased by making sacrifices. According to them, the deceased were haunted during this fall time and their hunger was satisfied with sacrifices. The American party Halloween, where children go by the doors with masks and ghostly clothes, is probably a remnant of this.
On Allerzielen, bread is also distributed to the poor in some areas. There were special sandwiches for baked, braided sandwiches (pretzels) and the so-called sole pastry (Arnhem girls). This for the soles of the dead, who walk on the thorny path to heaven. You can see the wandering souls through the mists of autumn.

Saint Hubert, November 3

The legend of Hubert says that he saw a deer in the forest with a shining cross on his antlers. The deer told him to become a student of Lambertus, bishop of Maastricht. Hubertus was trained as a priest and succeeded Lambertus after his death. He converted many people in the Ardennes.
Hubertus is the patron of the hunters and the shooters (there are many Hubertus guilds). Also from the drowning people, and he is called upon by rabies.

Saint Leonard, November 6

Saint Leonard was one of the most humble people there were. He did not want to become a priest, not a bishop. He devoted his life to helping and healing people and seemed to have healing gifts. He is called upon for rheumatism and for cattle diseases.

Sint-Willebrord, November 7

Willibrord was a devout priest from Northumberland (United Kingdom). He lived in the seventh and eighth centuries. He crossed the North Sea with a number of Benedictine brothers of his order to kerstone the Low Countries. He brought the Christian faith in Friesland, in West Friesland, on Walcheren, and converted many to the faith. He could perform miracles, such as the creation of sources and the creation of dunes to protect people against the sea. He is the patron saint of the dioceses of Utrecht and Haarlem. Because he let springs spring, he is also the patron of the café owners. He is the patron of dancers and is called upon in epilepsy.
He died in Echternach. Today, the so-calledjumping procession held in his honor. Walking in the procession one takes three steps forward and two steps back.

Sint Maarten, 11 November

Saint Martin was born in Sabaria in Hungary. He was baptized when he was ten, despite his parents' objections. From the age of fifteen to the age of eighteen he was in the army. He was then trained as an exorcist. He could recognize the devil in many people and could also cast him out. The legend goes that he met a beggar who was very cold. He had already donated all his possessions to the poor and then cut his soldier's coat in half with his sword and donated half to the beggar. According to the same legend, Jesus later appeared to him and told Martinus that He himself was the beggar, who wanted to test Martinus.
Many churches and especially sources were given the name of Martinus. He is the patron saint of converted drunks, shepherds and cattle. Just as with Sinterklaas, there was sprinkling on Saint Martin's Eve, intended as a distribution of bread to the poor.
Foekepotterij, Foekepotterij,
give me a cent, then I will pass.
I have walked the foekepot for so long,
and I have no money to buy bread.

St Cecilia, November 22

Cecilia was a young Roman girl who lived in the third century. She was forced to marry a pagan, noble Roman. In her wedding night, she wanted to preserve her virginity and told her husband that she had a guardian angel. He also repented. But they were both murdered by the then persecuting Christian persecution. Cecilia sang for the Lord during the murder. She became the patron saint of (church) music. Many choirs, orchestras and brass bands bear her name.

Saint Catherine, November 25

Catharina lived in Alexandria in the fourth century. She was a king's daughter and very intelligent. At the age of 15 she knew all the works of Plato. Emperor Maximus had Catharina tortured, but she did not let herself be thwarted. When Maximus was on a campaign, Catherine converted the Empress to the Christian faith. First pulled into pieces on a wheel, Catharina ended up on the scaffold.
Catharina becomes like emergency helper invoked with headache, shortness of breath, labor pains and muscle aches. The emergency helpers were fourteen saints who were engaged in helping and healing the sick and wounded. She is the patron saint of wagon makers, millers and potters.

Advent

The Roman Catholic Church starts the Advent on the Sunday closest to Saint Andrew (November 30). The Advent lasts about four weeks and is a time of reflection on the things to come: the birth of Jesus Christ. Catholics hang an Advent wreath in their house with four candles in it. One more candle is lit every Sunday of the Advent, so that four candles burn at Christmas. This custom probably dates from the Germanic period. The Germans used a wheel with light (fire) to help the sun shine.
Advent calendars are available for children. For every day of the Advent there is a door (for example in a Christmas house) that can be opened. Behind it is written something or there is a small present.

Sint-Andreas, November 30

Andreas was one of the apostles. His name means: the brave. He was a gentle person. He preached the Christian faith in Russia and has therefore become the patron of Russia. He is also the patron saint of fishermen. He was the fishing apostle. He died on an x-shaped cross. Hence the Andreas Cross at railway crossings.
If it brews in the morning in November,
make sure the storm is howling in the evening.

Video: All Saints Day HD (April 2020).

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